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Binary And Text data
Binary And Text data

Introduction
  • We can split data into two types: Binary and text.
  • Binary:
    • Binary data is interpreted as a sequence of bytes.
    • The sequence conforms to a specific format. This could be anything from a single integer, to a complex file format.
    • Binary data is usually displayed in hexadecimal form.
  • Text:
    • Text data is interpreted as a sequence of characters.
    • The characters will belong to a specific character set, usually ANSI or Unicode.
    • Text data can be further split into two types: printable characters and control characters.
    • Printable Characters:
      • These are characters that can be drawn to the screen, such as letters, numbers, and punctuation.
    • Control Characters:
      • Control characters perform an action, such as creating a new line.
Code
text = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,"
print(text)  # prints: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,

binary = bytes([0x12, 0x15, 0x15, 0x01])
print(binary)  # prints: b'\x12\x15\x15\x01'